Tripoint spotting - a personal diary

A tripoint [or trinational border or trifinium] is the place where the borders of three neighbouring countries meet. This website reports on successful [as well as attempted] visits to 39 international tripoints and/or tripoint areas in Europe and in Asia [and, as a bonus, to two former European tripoint areas and a former European quadripoint]. The tripoints are presented in alphabetical order.

Most of the material originates from the websites
European Tripointing and Border Zone Asia.
Photographs (c) Rolf Palmberg [1989-2013]. Contact page:
www.rolfpalmberg.fi.

A click on takes you back to the top of the page.


To test your knowledge of European tripoints, click here.

Albania - Greece - Macedonia

Tripoint area visited in 2005. Photo of the tripoint [the red dot] in Lake Prespa taken from the Macedonian village of Konjsko [the yellow dot in the map]. The tripoint is beyond a point located between the Macedonian island of Golem Grad [on the left in the photo; the blue dot in the map] and part of the Macedonian peninsula south of the village of Konjsko [on the right in the photo].


Austria - Czech Republic - Germany

Tripoint area visited in 2005 from German territory. The photos show the tripoint monument from two different angles.


Austria - Czech Republic - Slovakia

Tripoint area visited in 2002 from Austrian territory [following an attempted visit in 2001]. The first photo shows the tripoint [the red dot] as viewed from Austrian territory. The second photo shows a sign on Austrian territory indicating the location of the tripoint.


Austria - Germany - Switzerland

Tripoint area visited in 1989, 2001, 2007 and 2011. Photo of the tripoint [the red dot] in Lake Constance [Bodensee] taken from Swiss territory west of the town of Staad [2007].


Austria - Hungary - Slovakia

Tripoint area visited in 2001 and 2002 from Austrian territory. Photo of tripoint monument [and me] taken by Peter Hering [2001].


Austria - Hungary - Slovenia

Tripoint area and monument visited in 2001 from Austrian territory.


Austria - Italy - Slovenia

Tripoint area visited in 2001 from Austrian territory and in 2005 from Slovenian territory. The first photo shows the tripoint monument [2005]. The second photo shows a tripoint marker on Slovenian territory and, in the background, the tripoint monument surrounded by three flags [2001]. The third photo shows a tripoint marker on Austrian territory [2001].


Austria - Italy - Switzerland

Tripoint area visited in 2007 from Italian territory. The photos show the tripoint monument from two different angles.


Austria - Liechtenstein - Switzerland [north]

Tripoint area visited in 2001 and 2007. The tripoint is halfway in the river Rhine behind the white riverside sign that indicates the border between Austria and Liechtenstein. Photo taken from the Austrian border with Liechtenstein at the Bangs/Ruggell cyclists' path [2007].


Austria - Liechtenstein - Switzerland [south]

Tripoint area visited in 2011. The first photo, taken from the village of Steg in Liechtenstein, shows the Naafkopf mountain top. The second photo shows a sign halfway [in distance, not in hours] between Steg and Pfälzerhütte [a restaurant on the border with Austria, about a kilometre from the tripoint as the crow flies]. More than an hour later, however, the hike had to be interrupted as it would otherwise have been impossible to catch the last bus-and-train connection back to our base, the Swiss town of Davos.


Belarus - Latvia - Lithuania

Tripoint area visited in 2003 from Lithuanian territory. The photos show the tripoint monument from two different angles.


Belarus - Latvia - Russia

Tripoint area visited in 2003 from Latvian territory. The first photo [taken from Latvian territory] shows the tripoint at the confluence of the rivers of Neverica and Zilupe. The second photo shows a symbolic Soviet-time tripoint monument on Latvian territory.


Belarus - Lithuania - Poland

Tripoint area visited in 2003 from Polish territory. Two photos of the tripoint in the Marycha/Mara river.


Belarus - Russia - Ukraine

Tripoint area [with the tripoint monument located in an international roundabout] visited in 2008 from Ukrainian territory.


Belgium - France - Luxembourg

Tripoint area visited in 2001. The tripoint is halfway in the [almost overgrown] river La Chiers between the Belgian-French border marker [on the Belgian-French side of the river] and the Luxembourg side of the river [from where the photo was taken].


Belgium - Germany - Luxembourg

Tripoint area visited in 2001. The first photo was taken from the Belgian-German border bridge [the thin black line in the inset map] north of the triline [the thick red line]. The second photo shows the German end of the Belgian-German border bridge [on the left] and the triline area [on the right] where the northernmost part of the Our river owned jointly by Germany and Luxembourg becomes the southernmost part of the Belgian-German border river of Our.


Belgium - Germany - Netherlands
[former quadripoint:] Belgium - Moresnet - Netherlands - Preussia

Tripoint area visited in 2001. The inner circle of the tripoint monument also shows the boundaries of the territory of Neutral Moresnet [1816-1919] in order to emphasise the unique status of the tripoint, that of a [former] international quadripoint.


Bosnia & Herzegovina - Croatia - Montenegro

The [then Bosnian & Herzegovinian - Croatian - Serbian & Montenegrin southern] tripoint area visited in 2005 in the company of Montenegrin border police. Taking photographs was not allowed, but since the boundaries had not yet been demarcated, there were no border markers to be photographed anyway. Photo of the tripoint area taken from the Montenegrin road near the Bosnian & Herzegovinian-Serbian & Montenegrin border station.


Bulgaria - Greece - Macedonia

Tumba Mountain tripoint area visited in 2005 from Greek territory. The first photo shows the main reason why we could not continue by car [there was too little time to continue on foot]: major road reconstruction work on the road leading to the tripoint. The second photo shows Tumba Mountain seen from the Macedonian border station of Novo Selo.


Bulgaria - Greece - Turkey

Tripoint area visited in 2005 from Turkish territory. Photo of the tripoint monument with Bulgarian territory in the background.


Bulgaria - Romania - Serbia

The [then Bulgarian - Romanian - Serbian & Montenegrin] tripoint area visited in 2005 from Bulgarian territory on a day following a week of very heavy rain. The first photo was taken from high ground near the village of Kudelin and shows the tripoint in the Danube river [the red dot]. The Romanian tripoint marker on the opposite side of the river is barely visible. The Bulgarian-Serbian border river of Timok is on the left. The second photo of the flooded Danube river was taken from a spot nearer the Bulgarian riverside.


China - North Korea - Russia

Tripoint area visited in 2011 from Chinese and [one day later] from Russian territory. The tripoint is in fact a triline [map B: the yellow-red dotted line] which stretches from the Chinese-Russian border on the north riverside to a point halfway in the river Tumen where the jointly owned Chinese-North Korean border river [map B: the yellow dotted line] becomes the Russian-North Korean border river [where the border is in the middle of the river, as indicated by the yellow line]. However, the water level varies from time to time creating disputed triangles of territory east of the triline.

The first photo, taken from the Chinese viewpoint building [map B:1] at the village of Fangchuan in the easternmost part of the sliver of land wedged between Russia and North Korea [map A: the green box], shows the Tumen river tripoint area, the easternmost Chinese border post [map B:3] and the Russian-North Korean Friendship border bridge [map B: the black line in the river] that connects the Russian town of Khasan with the North Korean city of Tumangang. The second photo shows the Tumen river, two Chinese viewpoint buildings [map B:1 & 2] and the Chinese border post [map B:3] as viewed from a Russian hillside [map B:5] south of Khasan and east of the Friendship bridge. The third photo shows an indirect tripoint marker by the Russian roadside less than 50 metres north of the place where the Chinese-Russian border turns at an almost 90-degree angle [map B:3-4]. The marker indicates the direction of the triline border.


Croatia - Hungary - Serbia

The [then Croatian - Hungarian - Yugoslav] tripoint area visited in 2002 from Hungarian territory. Photo of border marker [the red dot in the map] south of the village of Hoduna on the border between Hungary and the Danube riverside territory south of the border [marked by a question mark and claimed at that time by both Croatia and Yugoslavia]. We did not know whether the tripoint was in fact 500 m southwest of the border marker in the Danube river or 6 km east towards the Serbian border town of Backi Breg.


Croatia - Hungary - Slovenia

Tripoint area visited in 2002 from Hungarian territory. The two photos of the river K[e]rka were taken from the Hungarian side: the first one near border marker A648 [indicated in map 2 and map 3], the second one a little bit further east. According to some maps, the easternmost part of Slovenia is in fact an exclave [map 3]. If so, both photos show the Croatian-Hungarian border area half-way between the tripoint proper and the western tripoint of the two additional tripoints created by the assumed Slovenian exclave on the Mura river.


Czech Republic - Germany - Poland

Tripoint area visited in 2001 from German territory. Three flags [and a Czech-Polish border marker on the Czech-Polish side of the river Neisse] indicate the location of the tripoint in the middle of the river. Photo taken from the German side of the river.


Czech Republic - Poland - Slovakia

Tripoint area visited in 2002 from Czech territory and in 2009 from Polish territory. The first photo shows a 2002 overview of the tripoint area with Polish territory [and a tripoint marker] on the left and Slovak territory [behind a Czech tripoint marker] on the right. The second photo shows the assumed location of the tripoint. The third photo shows the tripoint area seven years later [2009]: a Polish-Slovak footbridge a couple of metres east of the tripoint with Czech trees on the right and a Slovak picnic site and tripoint marker in the background. The fourth photo shows the tripoint monument as seen from the footbridge.


Estonia - Latvia - Russia

Tripoint area visited in 2003 in the company of Latvian border police. Taking photographs was not allowed, with the exception of one souvenir photo. Photo of me with the tripoint area in the background taken by Hans Peter Nissen.


Finland - Norway - Russia

Tripoint area visited in 2012 from Norwegian territory. Photo of the tripoint monument at Muotkavaara with the Norwegian-Russian border strip in the background on the left and a Finnish-Russian border sign on the right.


Finland - Norway - Sweden

Tripoint area visited in 2004 from Swedish territory [following an attempted visit from Finnish territory in 1988]. The first photo shows the tripoint monument in Lake Koltajaure as seen from Swedish territory; the second one the same monument as seen from Finnish territory.


France - Germany - Luxembourg

Tripoint area visited in 2001. The French border with Luxembourg is halfway in the Moselle river [see map], whereas Germany and Luxembourg both own the border river north of the French-Luxembourg borderline. The photo of the triline [the red line in the map] was taken from the jointly owned bridge north of the triline.


France - Germany - Switzerland

Tripoint area visited in 1989, 2001 and 2013. The first photo shows a tripoint marker on Swiss territory in Basel with the German-Swiss riverside border zone in the background [1989]. The second photo was taken from the German-Swiss border zone and shows the Swiss tripoint marker on the left and French territory in the background on the right [2001]. The tripoint is in the river Rhine halfway between the German-Swiss riverside border zone and the French riverside. The third photo shows the Swiss tripoint marker with the new French-German pedestrian tripoint bridge in the background [2013]. The fourth photo of the Swiss tripoint marker was taken from the pedestrian bridge.


[former tripoint:] France - Germany - Switzerland

The former tripoint area of France, Germany and Switzerland, aka ‘La Borne des Trois Puissances’, visited in 2013. The red dot in the map shows the location the tripoint between 1871 and 1919 during the German annexation of the Alsace-Lorraine area. The first photo shows Jan Krogh taking a photo of the [then] tripoint marker [on the right] and a [then] French-German border marker [next to the tripoint marker]. The second photo shows these two border markers from another angle.


Hungary - Romania - Serbia

Tripoint area visited twice from Hungarian territory: in 2002 [the then Hungarian - Romanian - Yugoslav tripoint] and in 2005 [the then Hungarian - Romanian - Serbian & Montenegrin tripoint]. The first photo shows the tripoint monument and the second photo a sign on Yugoslav territory [2002]. The third photo - a bird's-eye view of the tripoint area - was taken three years later from the abandoned Yugoslav watchtower shown in the fourth photo [2005].


Hungary - Romania - Ukraine

Tripoint area visited in 2002 from Hungarian territory. The first photo shows Hungarian and Ukrainian border markers and the second photo a Hungarian tripoint marker by the river Tur. The third photo shows the tripoint in the river Tur with Romanian territory in the background.


Hungary - Slovakia - Ukraine

Tripoint area visited in 2002 from Slovak territory. Photo of the tripoint located between the Slovak-Ukrainian border marker [at the bottom of the photo] and the open place on the Hungarian side of the river Tisza.


[former tripoint:] Italy - Trieste - Yugoslavia

The former tripoint area of Italy, Free Territory of Trieste [1945-1954] and Yugoslavia visited in 2005. The first photo shows a border marker at the present-day Italian-Slovenian border [the red dot in both maps] along the Iamiano-Brestovica road [with Slovenian territory in the background]. The second photo shows an Italian-Yugoslav border marker from 1947.


Laos - Myanmar [aka Burma] - Thailand

Tripoint area visited in 1995. View of the "Golden Triangle" tripoint in the river Ruak [the red dot in the photo] taken from the Thai village of Sop Ruak [the yellow dot in map 1]. Myanmar territory in the background; Laotian territory on the right.


Lithuania - Poland - Russia [Kaliningrad]

Tripoint area visited in 2003 from Polish territory. The first photo shows the tripoint monument with Polish and Russian tripoint markers. The second photo also shows part of the Lithuanian-Polish border strip.


Moldova - Romania - Ukraine [north]

Tripoint area visited in 2008 from Moldovan territory. The first photo shows Moldovan and Ukrainian border markers near the Prut border river. The second photo shows the tripoint halfway between the Moldovan-Ukrainian riverside and Romanian territory on the opposite side of the river.


Moldova - Romania - Ukraine [south]

Tripoint area visited in 2008 from Ukrainian territory. The first photo was taken from the Moldovan-Ukrainian border station at Reni. The tripoint is in the Danube river, halfway between the Romanian riverside in the background and the Moldovan-Ukrainian mainland [the red dot in the photo and in map 1]. The second photo was taken from the Ukrainian riverside near the border station and shows the tripoint area and a Ukrainian border marker.


Poland - Slovakia - Ukraine

Kremenec Mountain tripoint area and monument visited in 2002 from Slovak territory.


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